What are sleep questionnaires?
Sleep physicians usually employ sleep questionnaires to get better insight into the nature of a patient’s sleep complaints.
These assessment tools are subjective, meaning they mostly gather the opinions and observations of the patients themselves.
Unlike objective sleep studies, these tests do not require sophisticated equipment. They simply require patients to fill out a few simple questions about their sleep and wake habits.
They are used, often in conjunction with objective testing, to achieve an accurate sleep disorder diagnosis.
Some of these tests focus on measures of daytime sleepiness. Others exist to identify concerns within certain populations. These can include commercial truck drivers seeking medical certification in order to drive, or children, who have sleep problems that can be quite different from adults. Still other questionnaires look at a patient’s struggles with insomnia to better identify its severity.
The most commonly used sleep questionnaires
If you visit a sleep physician, you may be asked to complete one of the following questionnaires.
- Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS): This is commonly given to patients at sleep clinics to show how daytime sleepiness affects them. It’s also a good measure of the success of a sleep disorder treatment (i.e. CPAP usage following an OSA diagnosis that shows improvements in daytime alertness following therapy).
- Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ): This aptly named assessment highlights potential sleep problems in children ages 2 to 18.
- The STOP-BANG Questionnaire: This survey quickly and reliably identifies patients at the highest risk for having obstructive sleep apnea.
- The Stanford Sleep Scale (SSS or Stanford): Like the Epworth, this tool measures daytime alertness. It is a much more extensive survey and may be used in more complex cases, especially those concerning disorders of hypersomnolence.
- The Berlin Questionnaire: This quick test is a sleep-apnea risk measurement tool similar to the STOP-BANG.
- Insomnia Severity Index: As the name suggests, this instrument captures the severity of insomnia. It also gauges a patient’s degree of concern or stress about sleepless nights as well as their subjective perceptions of their sleeplessness.
1 link related to sleep questionnaires in SleepyHeadCentral
How to find out if you have a sleep breathing disorder (April 10, 2015)